The government has come forward with a plan afresh after a span of 34 years. This time, it is the education sector that has seen a complete makeover. The policymakers are being applauded for the much-needed recreation of the Indian education curriculum. Basic, Primary and Higher education have been transformed, which apart from being beneficial to students, will give an edge to employment as well.
One of the significant indicators of this policy holding immense importance is that the HRD, i.e. Human resources and developmental ministry, has been renamed as the Ministry of Education.
Firstly, let’s understand what a NEP is…
It is a guide that helps to formulate and regulate the education policy after intervals and as per requirements. The 2020 policy comes after a span of 34 years, bringing in some changes. School, colleges and faculty alike will be going through some significant changes, let’s look at them categorically:
Let’s get started on how things are going to be, what has been injected, and what has been withdrawn. And whether the policy has satisfied the students who have been in anticipation of seeing some actual changes in the system for so long or not.
- Curricular structure- The previous curriculum structure and pedagogy was ’10 + 2′. It has been redesigned to ‘5+3+3+4’. So how will these strata be bifurcated?
|AGE||Previous Pedagogy||Current Pedagogy|
|3-8||Pre-primary and primary since six years of age||Foundational Stage|
|8-11||Middle Stage||Preparatory Stage|
|11-14||Secondary Stage||Middle Stage|
|14-18||Senior Secondary Stage||Secondary Stage|
|Foundational Stage (ages 3-8)||Three years of Anganwadi/preschool + primary school in grades 1 and 2|
|Preparatory Stage (8-11)||Classes 3 to 5|
|Middle Stage (11-14)||Classes 6 to 8|
|Secondary Stage (14-18)||Classes 9 and 10 in the first Stage, 11 and 12 in the Second Stage|
- Learning methodology: Learning would be made more holistic, integrated, enjoyable, and engaging. Experiential learning will be the motto of the schooling period in all. For this, a 10-day bagless period will also be introduced for classes 6 to 8, during which they will be getting hands-on experience in whatever field they like, just like an internship. For example, vocational crafts like gardening, carpentry, electrical work will be honed as per the interests of a child.
- Language Orientation: Up till the fifth standard, children will be taught in their native languages, it will be important for the children to learn their mother tongue. Now, this can be tricky as some people would decipher it to be an imposition of mother tongue or regional language in the areas children are only receiving instructions in English. This particular decision has been taken to make children more aware of their mother tongue and native languages, only in the areas where it is actually possible.
- Board Examinations- board examinations would be devised in a more objective manner. The pattern would be based on analytical apprehension rather than rote based learning. Experiential learning and critical thinking will be the basis of questions and answers.
- Subjects of choice-The most significant development are that there will be no distinction in streams. Science, Commerce, and Humanities won’t be categorized separately. Students will be allowed to study by opting a combination of any subjects they like. For example, if a student wants to take up psychology with biology, that would be an option. Pattern made simple, and the student must only know what the varied subjects are, he/she would like to study, the rest is sorted.
- Report card- The report cards will be evaluated and reviewed by peers and teachers . an AI system would also be developed to track the growth of a child and to do so students will have to take up examinations in classes 3, 5 and 8 which will be conducted by an appropriate authority.
HIGHER EDUCATION/INSTITUTIONS SYSTEM
- Common Entrance Examination- There will be a common entrance examination program (CEE) conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) which will help take the burden off of students appearing in multiple entrance examinations devised by different institutions. However, the colleges would be flexible to exercise this pattern or go with the traditional method.
- ABC- The most straightforward way this can be unfurled is, NOBODY IS GOING TO LOSE CREDITS EVEN IF HE/SHE DROPS OUT. Yes! That is true. If a student due to whatsoever reason has to drop out in the middle of the course, the ABC, i.e. the academic credit bank will help the student to retain the work done by him/her during the course, the credits stored would be used if he/she wills to begin again with the course. The good news is that the student won’t have to start afresh, he/she can start right from the place where the course was left. This move doesn’t promote dropping out; rather, it helps those who drop out due to some unavoidable circumstances.
- Multi-disciplinary courses- Multi-disciplinary four-year undergraduate courses will be devised, which will also lead to multiple exits. The master’s program will be customized and formulated. M Phil will be discontinued.
- Multiple Exits- Students are eligible for a certificate after one year if they drop out, diploma after two years, a degree after three years, and a research degree after four years (if some research work has been done on the same or as per the subject requirements). This will help a lot in taking a break from the course if need be.
- Institutions- The top 100 universities of India would be allowed to set up their campus overseas, vice-versa, reputed institutions from across the globe would be able to set up their campus in India too. This would help prevent brain-drain and would ensure the qualitative enhancement of the Indian study regime. Both the decisions will be taken after the performance analysis of the institutions.
- Dismantling of UGC- This step would give greater autonomy to colleges to grant degrees. A new regulating authority will be formed to look after higher education institutions. Also, institutions like IIT will focus on becoming multi courses colleges where the emphasis will be on all rounds of subjects. A national research foundation will be set up too.
More libraries will be opened, the campuses of schools and colleges will be used to impart knowledge regarding skilled based subjects after working hours. Now, the faculty selection will also become more stringent. Vocational, critical and developmental growth of children will be the main motto of the implementation of this policy.