Nelson Mandela has rightly said, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”. Education is one of the pillars that can transform the country. Education is one of the most important agendas that can convert ‘India-a developing country’ to ‘India-a developed country.’ Sadly, the quality of education imparted in India is a serious problem. The current scenario for education is far from ideal. The reason being our education system suffers from some major drawbacks as discussed below:-
The first drawback is that our system lays emphasis only on scoring marks and not on acquiring skills for jobs. Students study only for marks, not for knowledge. Indian education system forces its pupils to live a pressure-filled life, demanding excellence in the form of external reward: MARKS. Unfortunately, our education system still relies on rote learning. Our exam pattern examines how much we have mugged up from a book rather than checking how well we have grasped something. Indian education system fails to realize that education is not only about marks or grades, it is about skills.
NO VALUE EDUCATION:
In ancient times, we used to have Gurukul education system. It imparted cultural and ethical values along with education.There used to be a strong bond between a teacher and a student. Today’s youth lacks sensitivity and moral values. They don’t know how to respect their parents and teachers. Value education is missing in our system. It is the need of the hour. Value education must begin at the primary level when the mind of a child is like a clay. This will definitely help to build a society with sensible character and citizenship.
DEARTH OF QUALITY TEACHERS:
Also, a dearth of qualified teachers is a major hurdle to quality education. India doesn’t have a satisfactory teacher-student ratio. A teacher’s focus divides over a large number of students. No incentives to teachers for motivation are given. In addition, conduction of periodic training of teachers and assessments are missing. Salary in the private sector is so low. Our youth doesn’t want to take up teaching as a career option. Teachers and educators don’t know how to keep pace with changing technology. The mode of teaching needs to be digitalized by introducing ‘smart classes.’ In India, it is believed that those who can’t do anything become teachers. How can we change with such mentality!
NO STRESS ON PHYSICAL EDUCATION:
Furthermore, no one gives importance to Physical education. There is no proper subject in the curriculum which teaches yoga and aerobics. Attention is not given to sports activities in schools. As the saying goes on ‘All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.’ So, along with education, promotion of extra-curricular activities is vital.
LACK OF PRACTICAL TRAINING:
Our education system is generally 80% theoretical and 20% practical. ‘Application’ of that so-called theory is nowhere taught. Practicals take place for the sake of formality. There are less interactive sessions. That’s why curiosity and eagerness to learn something new is lacking among today’s students. They do not learn how to face the real world. The creativity of students receives no attention at all. Talent gets a sidelined from the very beginning.
Also, it’s ironical that India still faces a huge rural-urban divide in terms of education. Schools in rural areas lack basic infrastructure, poor educational facilities and this impacts our overall literacy rate. It is crucial to spread the reach of education in remote areas. This will give every underprivileged child the opportunity to create his/her own identity. There is a wide gulf between private schools and government schools. The image of government schools is worst. Children go to government schools only for mid-day meals but not to explore something.
Another drawback is a lack of ‘research.’ There should be more research areas of study for people to explore. Despite India having better scientific research institutions, innovation capabilities are lower than other countries. The Union Budget must allocate funds to set up research centres and sponsor independent researchers.
Our education system is fundamentally flawed and we need to do something about it. Furthermore, as kids, we never had say in the classes that we’d like to take in schools. Many people who graduate are in for a rude awakening because most are just simply unaware and lack the experience. The world isn’t all sunshine and rainbows. Should we pick a major simply because of the potential high salary or should do we pursue our passion but struggle with finances in the future? It’s half and half because we need to have that work-life balance and part of that is being practical with the job market and how the economy works.